The use of antibiotics has decreased over the past 20 years, but some European countries still have a higher consumption of antibiotics. This was exposed by the latest report from the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control.
Romanians (25.7 defined daily doses per 1,000 inhabitants per day in 2021), Cypriots (25.0), Bulgarians (24.4 ), and Greeks (23.5) are the biggest utilizers of antibiotics in the European Economic Area (EEA), according to this data.
The average European intake of antibiotics is (16.4), and the data provided in the report above shows that the average of those countries is higher than the general European average.
The lowest values in the report were measured in the Netherlands and Austria, where the defined daily intake was between 8 and 9 DDD per 1,000 individuals in 2021.
The resistance to antibiotics in humans has also increased with the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. The persistence and emergence of bacteria resistant to antibiotics have also increased in humans.
According to a separate report published by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control, 30000 Europeans die every year due to the infections caused by these superbugs – highly resistant to antibiotics.